News | 23.09.05 | 16:00
Different Election, Same Story: Money for votes gives oligarch’s protégé control of city distric
According to official results of the vote (ignored by the Armenian opposition), Mher Hovannisian easily defeated Ruben Asatrian, the incumbent prefect of the southern Nubarashen district who supports the central government but is not affiliated with any political party. Asatrian, who held the post for the past 22 years, won only 13 percent of the vote.
The outcome of the race was all but predetermined by the fact that Hovannisian is actively backed and sponsored by Gagik Tsarukian (popularly known by his nickname, “Dodi Gago”), one of the country’s richest and most feared men, who is close to President Robert Kocharian. Hovannisian’s father is reportedly a close partner of Tsarukian and runs the biggest local business, a liquefied gas station. The tycoon’s support for the young man translated into heavy campaign spending and control of the local election commissions.
There were numerous witness accounts of what is increasingly becoming the defining feature of Armenian local and national elections: vote bribes. Many local voters admitted accepting cash and food from both candidates.
Elderly people in particular described how Hovannisian’s representatives collected their passports ahead of the ballot after they agreed to vote for him in exchange for 5,000 drams ($11). “We got our money and they gave back our passports,” said one man.
“Five thousand drams,” clarified another, female pensioner. The sum is comparable to her monthly pension.
Both voters insisted that they were not told to go to cast their ballots on voting day while they got their passports back. Someone else presumably “voted” in their place. The passports contain voters’ signatures and other personal information required by election officials.
Hovannisian, who refused to be interviewed inside his campaign headquarters, acknowledged on Friday that his campaign workers collected passports but denied handing out cash or other kickbacks. “We are simply clarifying voter lists with passports,” he told RFE/RL. “There are lots of inaccuracies in the lists.”
The winner and his campaign managers were not available for comment on the day after the election (when the RFE report was prepared). “They partied all night and are probably taking rest now,” explained an aide.
Residents of the run-down area said they have grown accustomed to selling their votes. “You think he didn’t do us any favors when getting elected?” one woman said, referring to the defeated prefect. “He too paid people to vote for him. Everyone does that. The same thing happened here.”
“It’s assistance, not a bribe,” she added.
Armenian law strictly prohibits election candidates from providing any material compensation or services to voters. However, vote buying has been commonplace in the presidential, parliamentary and especially local elections held in recent years. Nobody has been prosecuted for the practice so far.